What do most investors look for while investing? It is usually financial security and guaranteed returns on their investments. This is one of the primary reasons why many investors prefer to invest in bonds. It is a debt instrument, and there is a fixed interest income at periodic intervals. So, if you are looking to invest in private sector bonds, you are reading the right article.
What are private sector bonds?
In a nutshell, bonds are major instruments in the debt market, which tend to pay a fixed interest rate at periodic intervals. These bonds are also redeemable after a period of time and are usually traded in the security markets. They can be kept in your demat account, just like shares and stocks of different companies.
A lot of major companies issue bonds to raise funds to meet their working capital and expansion needs and many investors tend to buy bonds online in India. According to data released by the Ministry of Finance, funds raised through bonds increased by 13.5% to Rs. 7,82,427 crore in FY21 as compared to FY20.
Factors to consider before investing in bonds
Bonds are quite different from shares, and there are a few things that you need to keep in mind before you invest in them:
- When you look for bonds online, you will always come across credit ratings against these bonds. This credit rating defines the ability of the company to pay back on the bond and the interest it will pay at regular intervals.
- Unlike government bonds, private bonds are less secure, but they also tend to provide a higher rate of interest. Therefore, a lot of investors prefer to invest in corporate bonds.
- If you want to buy bonds online, do not go looking for a higher rate of interest but go for companies with AAA ratings or higher. This helps your money to be more secure.
- There is a tax deduction on the interest income on bonds. If you hold the bond for less than three years, you will have to pay short-term capital gains tax as per your income slab tax rate. While for bonds held for over three years, long-term capital gains tax will be applicable at 20%. This is why many investors calculate the tax incidence before investing in the bonds.
Debt mutual funds – A safe alternative
Many investors prefer to invest their money in debt mutual funds since these funds tend to invest in different bonds of companies.
- There is a diversified portfolio of bonds in the fund.
- There is capital appreciation and interest income on the fund.
- You can invest a lump sum amount or opt for a Systematic Investment Plan (SIP) to make investments at intervals.
- Debt funds are also liquid in comparison to bonds and can be redeemed easily.
Bonds and debt mutual funds can be good investment options to consider if you are looking to invest in debt instruments to diversify your portfolio and hedge risk. You can consult a financial advisor to help you map out your asset allocation strategy to effectively meet your financial goals.