In recent years, the development of industry and technology has led to increasing waste types. The problem of construction wastes is everywhere. Waste accumulation is the major problem that is environmental pollution. The dust and other small particles released during construction spread in the atmosphere leading to air pollution. The building industry is trying to produce construction materials by incorporating the wastes. Near cement concrete is made using waste materials such as silica, asphalt concrete, pavements, and prefabricated units. Some of the construction wastes include:
This is a byproduct of steel and iron used during construction. Sometimes slag may contain other metal oxides and silicon dioxide. Slag waste can be helpful in agriculture, construction, and environmental processes. In agriculture, slag is used to treat the soils to increase their water holding capacity and bulk density.
Sludge is the residential material that remains after the water treatment process. It is also a residue of sewage treatment. This product contains poisonous compounds which can cause pollution when released into the environment. Another source of sludge is the steel industry, where it is generated as waste or byproduct. Sludge contains a reasonable amount of metals and other valuable materials. However, it is possible to eliminate the valuable metals from the sludge and use them more constructively.
Dredging materials are those materials and objects that are displayed during the preparation and demolition of a building. Some of these include rocks, dirt, tree stumps, and rubble. Some waste companies will provide a place to dispose of this waste, but you will incur extra cost.
These are primarily biodegradable materials that accumulate rapidly and must be disposed of in a landfill soon. These wastes are always harmful since they contain natural compounds bacteria. It is to the municipal waste. Some of these wastes include animal waste, manure, sewage, and other materials found in Construction Agroalimentaire & Industrielle
Painting is an essential part of finishing in construction. Paint spills are likely to be released into the environment. Another issue arising from paints is the disposal of the paint cans. These cans require proper disposal since they can also be a pollutant to the environment. Most colors are very flammable and can cause fires in the landfill which can be dangerous to the neighborhood.
Wood, glasses, and plastics
These are some of the most common industrial and agricultural wastes. Woods are primarily residues of the timbers and posts used during construction. They can be dangerous to the environment since they can cause injuries to both animals and humans. Woods are not very dangerous after all since they decompose with time, but they need proper disposal. Glasses are also another group of waste that require proper disposal. They can also injure humans as well as animals.
During construction, numerous wastes will be released. However, you can reduce the quantity of these wastes by either recycling or reusing them. Ensure that you involve experts when disposing of debris to ensure that you abide by all waste disposal guidelines.